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Need to bring gender equity in science and technology education in India
In India, there is a severe under-representation of girls and women in science and technology education and employment. The gender roles are quite entrenched in the society and teaching-learning methods are highly masculinized. The issue of gender equity needs to be addressed in the areas of education, employment, advocacy and social policy. But, essentially, there is a pressing need of gender equity in education, first and formost.

According to experts, there is a dire need to make a beginning at school level needs to be made for de-sexing science and technology education. Hitherto, some attention is being paid to make gender sensitivity and equity cross-cutting issues in the elementary education projects but things are more paper. The implementation part is missing since it requires hard work to make a paradigm shift for gender equity in elementary education which is also implicated by the Right to Education Act.

The experts suggest that a multi-pronged strategy to address the most glaring gender disparity in science and technology education and employment at higher education level, it is being felt. For this the classroom environment and instructional methods need to be changed and lecture method should be replaced by collaborative learning methods.

Furthermore, the research in neuroscience has shown the subtle differences in the functioning of the brains of men and women. Women's left and right hemispheres of brain get activated when exposed to new concrete experiences in an emotional setting. While in the case of men, it is the left hemisphere that gets activated whether experience is concrete or abstract.

This has implications for learning environment and teaching techniques both. The emotionally charged learning environment coupled with cooperative learning and multiple intelligences approach to instruction are seen appropriate for making science, technology and mathematics learning compatible to both girls and boys, which has been suggested by some researchers and educators.

Editorial NOTE: This article is categorized under Opinion Section. The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of In case you have a opposing view, please click here to share the same in the comments section.
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